Images banner

Images of Research

Images of Research 2013 Gallery

Click on the images to view a larger version and the abstract

Environment

<span class=heading><b>The regulation of international trade in genetically modified organisms</b> by Jingjing Zhao (School of Law)</span><br />Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are playing an increasing part in international trade. Both WTO agreements and the Cartagena Protocol deal with the trans boundary movement of GMOs. The international treaties overlap with one another and sow the seed for potential conflicts. The thesis firstly looks at the general public international rules which deal with the conflicts between treaties. It also includes a textual analysis of the potential conflicts between WTO agreements and the Cartagena Protocol. It then looks at how the conflicts should be resolved if they cannot be avoided, in order to facilitate the international regulation on trade in GMOs. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Jingjing Zhao</span>
<span class=heading><b>Human ingenuity, the environment and designing bridges</b> by Struan Noble (Economics)</span><br />As climate change ignores geographical, industrial and political boundaries, so must the knowledge to address it. My research analyses companies’ patenting of Clean Energy Technologies (CETs) using quantitative methods to understand who patentees are, their motivations, diffusion of CETs and potential development of a market for CETs. Patents both protect and enable transfer of innovations. Patents could multiply the social, environmental and private value of invention acting as conduits to adopt and adapt new or unrealised knowledge. A patent system effectively communicating CET know-how could prove a practical tool linking human ingenuity to pollution abatement; a well-designed ’bridge on solid ground’. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Struan Noble</span>
<span class=heading><b>Oceans in Bloom</b> by Catherine Mitchell (Physics)</span><br />The Earth’s oceans play an important role in the global carbon cycle. Phytoplankton in the ocean converts as much carbon as all of the plants on the land, and strongly influence levels of carbon dioxide present in the atmosphere. As phytoplankton change the colour of the ocean, their concentration can be measured using cameras on satellites. This image taken from the MODIS Aqua sensor (NASA) and processed at the University of Strathclyde shows phytoplankton blooms off the west coast of the British Isles, with yellow and red indicating increasingly high concentrations. Monitoring phytoplankton bloom dynamics provides insight into the role of the ocean ecosystem in the Earth’s climate. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Catherine Mitchell</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Catherine Mitchell from Physics in collaboration with Dr David McKee, Physics Department</span>
<span class=heading><b>Biologically Inspired Inspection</b> by Charles McLeod (Electronic & Electrical Engineering)</span><br />For structural monitoring applications, the use of remotely deployable Non Destructive Evaluation (NDE) inspection platforms offer advantages, including improved accessibility, greater safety and reduced cost, when compared to traditional manual inspection techniques. Remote inspection facilitates the potential for rapid scanning of large areas in hazardous locations where manual inspection would be costly to perform safely. A stand-off insensitive and surface compliant sensor, inspired by the vibrissae of rodents such as rats and mice, is shown on the left, while Ultrasonic (centre) and Visual (right) sensors are all integrated into a fleet of autonomous NDE inspection robots. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Charles McLeod</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Charles Macleod from Electronic & Electrical Engineering in collaboration with G. Dobie, R. Summan, S.G. Pierce, J.C.Sullivan, A.G. Pipe</span>

<span class=heading><b>In situ Smouldering</b> by Andrew Robson (Civil & Environmental Engineering)</span><br />In situ smouldering is an aggressive soil remediation process that has been demonstrated to be highly effective for treating hazardous organic contaminants such as coal tars and oil wastes. During this process, soil is heated rapidly to temperatures as high as 1000°C or greater for short periods of time as the smouldering process destroys the liquid contaminant. In situ smouldering is capable of removing in excess of 99.9% of organic contamination in periods of hours or days. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Andrew Robson</span>
<span class=heading><b>’Figures over the Gateway of Bethlem Hospital’ 1805 engraved by A. Birrell for Lambert’s ’History of London’</b> by Claire Hyland (Architecture)</span><br />Throughout history society has discriminated against and segregated people with cognitive, sensory and physical impairments, and the built environment has contributed to this in various ways. Cibber’s sculpture of two brothers, melancholy and mania, positioned above the gate of the notorious Bethlem Hospital in London is a shameful reminder of this past. However the disability movement has offered us a unique opportunity to re-imagine architectural design which can enable rather than disable. Education is a main priority in creating a more equal society and my research focuses on creating inclusive school environments which are fit for 21st century education. <br /><span class=small>Photograph reproduced by kind permission of the Bethlem Art and History Collections Trust</span>
<span class=heading><b>Fieldwork in the Utah desert</b> by Yannick Kremer (Civil & Environmental Engineering)</span><br />Four researchers walking through the roasting heat of the Utah desert. Dry environments are often the best place to study geological structures, as they provide a good view of the rocks, not obscured by plants and mud. Detailed studies of rocks at the surface help solve problems encountered in deep underground engineering. The work done in Utah is useful for applications like oil exploration and production, tunnel boring, carbon capture and storage and radioactive waste disposal. The image has been taken using a camera mounted on a helium balloon. These aerial photographs help us find important structures from above. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Yannick Kremer</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Yannick Kremer from Civil & Environmental Engineering in collaboration with Megan Heather, Zoe Shipton and Rebecca Lunn.</span>commended
<span class=heading><b>Augers well.......</b> by Keith Torrance (Civil & Environmental Engineering)</span><br />Surface water quality shows significant temporal variation and must be sampled in all seasons. Reaching water during the Alaskan winter is a challenge when rivers are under several feet of ice. Fortunately, ice fishers have already solved this problem using motorised ice augers to make short work of drilling through the ice. This photo was taken near Iliamna, Alaska, in January 2013. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Keith Torrance</span>

<span class=heading><b>Cold Consultation in Camlachie (Glasgow, East End, January 2013)</b> by Peter Phillips (Civil & Environmental Engineering)</span><br />Glasgow’s east end. January. Cold. This little girl and her mum have come out to see just what on earth is going on. How can we undertake urban environmental regeneration projects, involve the community and deliver multiple benefits? In the final stages of my research, it is these questions that are keeping me awake at night! Technical planning/engineering solutions are only part of the picture - supporting our most deprived communities through the regeneration process requires a truly holistic approach. If Glasgow is to thrive as a truly global City, we must raise aspiration and involve everyone in the journey.  <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Peter Phillips</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Peter Phillips from Civil & Environmental Engineering in collaboration with Glasgow City Council and Alex Wilde</span>category winner
<span class=heading><b>Green Nanomaterials for Carbon Capture</b> by Claire Forsyth (Chemical & Process Engineering)</span><br />This image presents an overview of a novel carbon capture process that has been developed in Chemical and Process Engineering. The research makes use of silica that was produced using an environmentally friendly method, to support an enzyme (biological catalyst). The enzyme can efficiently remove CO<sub>2</sub> from the atmosphere by converting it to a solid form (limestone) that can readily be stored or used in a range of applications. The work demonstrates significantly improved carbon capture efficiency and could help assist the world’s current challenge of protecting the environment by reducing emissions of greenhouse gases such as CO<sub>2</sub>. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Siddharth Patwardhan</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Claire Forsyth from Chemical & Process Engineering in collaboration with Thomas Yip and Siddharth Patwardhan</span>
<span class=heading><b>The Urban Genome Project</b> by Jacob Dibble (Architecture)</span><br />The worldwide collaboration of the Human Genome Project has given our society one of the most advanced and useful libraries of information ever known, having proved invaluable to the biological sciences and especially in the treatment and prevention of disease. The Urban Genome Project approaches the city in the same manner, creating a library of the quantifiable characteristics of form that define our environment. It invites collaboration and can be employed universally in order to better comprehend the ’genetics’ of the cities in which we live and enable us to ensure the safe, sustainable and lasting development of cities worldwide. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Jacob Dibble</span>


Health

<span class=heading><b>Unhealthy Communication</b> by Graham Robertson (Biomedical Engineering)</span><br />Neurological disorders can severely affect the sufferer’s quality of life and costs the global economy many billions of pounds every year. However, very little is known & regarding the fundamental causes of many of these disorders. We have designed novel microfluidic devices in which we grow neurons in order to better understand how neuronal function changes under disease conditions. The central microchannels allow synaptic communication between isolated neuronal networks making the platform useful for analysing how neuronal communication is altered in certain disorders.  Additionally, this allows for the screening of drugs that could be used in novel therapeutics for neurological disorders. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Graham Robertson</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Graham Robertson from Biomedical Engineering in collaboration with Dr Trevor Bushell from the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences and Dr Michele Zagnoni from Electronic and Electrical Engineering.</span>
<span class=heading><b>Hazardous Recycling</b> by Stuart McKenna (Naval Architecture & Marine Engineering)</span><br />When a ship comes to the end of its life it usually ends up being dismantled and recycled in locations where knowledge and understanding of issues related to health, safety and the environment are inadequate. Within this research we are trying to quantify the potential effects ship recycling has on the workers’ health and the surrounding environment. We are also in the process of developing vocational education for ship recyclers to further assist in the improvement of health, safety and environmental issues. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Stuart McKenna</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Stuart McKenna from Naval Architecture & Marine Engineering in collaboration with Rafet Emek Kurt, NA-ME</span>
<span class=heading><b>Schizophrenia- Embrace not Ignore!</b> by Sibani Mohanty (Biomedical Engineering)</span><br />Schizophrenia is a psychiatric condition causing hallucinations, delusions and poor cognitive ability in an individual. It disrupts the lives of their families and hence society at large. Impaired release of neurotransmitters at synapses in the brain causes the onset of the disease.  The handmade model of the brain illustrates the defective neuronal connections in the temporal, frontal and auditory cortices. Mental illness is not a burden on society, but rather a part of it. Hence, I am researching a novel method for early diagnosis of schizophrenia to treat the condition before the onset of severe symptoms.  <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Sibani Mohanty</span>
<span class=heading><b>The Science of Jelly</b> by Joy Leckie (Chemical & Process Engineering)</span><br />Natural gel-like materials are important in many industries, ranging from food, cosmetic and health applications. The most obvious example of a natural gel is jelly. The properties of jelly arise from dense fibrous networks of complex proteins which trap the surrounding water. The inside of the cell is another natural gel-like material with similar protein fibre networks. We have developed a range of simple gels, inspired by biological gels using much simpler molecules. The simple molecules interact to form fibrous gels, by a process called self-assembly. The biomimetic gels can help towards understanding natural self-assembling systems for future research. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Joy Leckie</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Joy Leckie from Chemical & Process Engineering in collaboration with Mark Haw and Rein Ulijn</span>

<span class=heading><b>Enterprising Medical Professionals</b> by Kalliopi Skountridaki (Management)</span><br />Increasing numbers of patients have been seeking medical care away from home during the last couple of decades, a phenomenon, recently known as medical tourism. Meticulous observation of the practice reveals that medical doctors, more like visionary entrepreneurs and less like medical professionals have been forerunners of the industry in a number of ’celebrated’ medical tourism destinations, such as Costa Rica, Singapore, and South Africa. Seduced by the profitability of an ever increasing clientele from abroad, they marketed successfully their services abroad and handled multi-lingual clientele, long before private investors and states think of patient movement as a business opportunity and a strategic sector for the national economy, respectively. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Konstantinos Adamopoulos</span>
<span class=heading><b>Intratester reliability of universal goniometer</b> by Fatma Moshin (Biomedical Engineering)</span><br />Universal goniometer (UG) is the most commonly measuring tool used in clinical settings for ankle joint range of motion measurements hence, its intratester reliability is essential. Intratester reliability is the degree of agreement between measurements taken by one tester on different occasions. A literature review was conducted about the reliability of UG. Intratester reliability was found to be good to excellent amongst healthy subjects. The studies provided low level evidence and variation in methodology used in the studies reduced the ability for direct comparison between them. In conclusion UG is a reliable tool for ankle joint measurements amongst healthy subjects.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Fatma Moshin</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Fatma Mohsin from Biomedical Engineering in collaboration with Dr Anthony McGarry and Mr Roy Bowers</span>
<span class=heading><b>Cassiopeia amongst the stars</b> by David Blatchford (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />Cassiopeia cloaked in a mantle of fluorescent Astrocytes. Astrocytes are found only in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord); their importance in supporting the neurons crucial for movement and behaviour are the inspiration for this montage. The research project focuses on understanding the role of astrocytes in repairing other cells of the central nervous system which are damaged by debilitating neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). The ultimate aim of the project is to enhance the development of therapies for people suffering from neurological diseases.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 David Blatchford</span>.  <span class=small>Research by David Blatchford from Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences in collaboration with Debbie Allan (PhD student), Karen Fairlie-Clarke (Post Doc)</span>
<span class=heading><b>Antibiotics from the beehive</b> by Muhammad Nadeem Kardar (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />Infectious/parasitic diseases are the second-leading cause of deaths worldwide. We urgently need to discover new antibiotics, especially to combat drug-resistant microbes. Natural products represent a unique pool of chemically-diverse substances, many of which act as defensive agents to counter microbes in the environment. Bee glue is a natural substance that bees produce to preserve the hive from contamination. We are investigating the chemistry and biology of bee glue to identify chemicals which may prove useful for the development of novel antibiotics. We have, so far, identified compounds which inhibit Shigella, the dysentery-causing microbe, and are active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Sonia Angele</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Muhammad Nadeem Kardar from Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences in collaboration with Dr Veronique Seidel</span>commended

<span class=heading><b>Understanding human responses to disease epidemics</b> by Susan Rasmussen (School of Psychological Sciences & Health)</span><br />Infectious disease epidemics (e.g. swine flu) represent a serious health risk globally. Public health attempts at controlling the spread of diseases are reliant upon the public’s knowledge of symptoms and preventative measures. Human behavioural choices (e.g. wearing face masks) can have a significant impact on the course of an epidemic; however, research shows that although people report concern about swine flu, knowledge levels are low, as are reports of behavioural changes aimed at minimising the spread of swine flu. These findings suggest that the public were not sufficiently educated about swine flu and therefore has implications for future health campaigns. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Douglas Cunningham</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Susan Rasmussen from School of Psychological Sciences & Health in collaboration with Dr Lynn Williams, UWS</span>category winner
<span class=heading><b>DNA cipher</b> by Nahoum Anthony (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />By using various analytical techniques, we have gained a better understanding of how some drugs (rendered in stick model) can interact with DNA (rendered as the blue surface). This knowledge was applied in an effort to develop new antibiotics. These antibiotics are entering clinical trials against MRSA. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Nahoum Anthony</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Nahoum Anthony from Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences</span>
<span class=heading><b>Saving Lives of Future Newtons</b> by Enitome Bafor (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />The Uterus - underrated yet an indirect source of life and representation of womanhood. Uterine pathology affects mother and baby. In 1642, a preterm male child was born who was described as ’so small that he could have been put into a quart mug’. Fortunately, this child survived and grew to be Sir Isaac Newton, who described gravity. Unfortunately, a substantial percentage of preterm births DO NOT survive, or grow to be Newtons and preterm labour remains a major contributor of neonatal/maternal morbidity and mortality today. My research focuses on drug and biomarker discovery to counter preterm birth.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Enitome Bafor</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Enitome Bafor from Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences in collaboration with Dr. R. Edrada-Ebel; Dr. E.G. Rowan</span>


Society

<span class=heading><b>Dirt (2010)</b> by Mary McDonough-Clark (School of Humanities)</span><br />My research is about the synthesis of creative writing and things we don’t usually think of as creative, even things we don’t think are acceptable. My work is inspired by first-person accounts, my own memories of growing up surrounded by both ’clean’ and ’dirty’ women, surgical records, chemistry lectures, and archival material from the Paisley Shawl Museum and The Hunterian Museum. I’m using found language from unconventional sources, images, and weaving to explore Dirt in all of its possible literal and metaphorical senses: disease, mud, gossip, slander, and the by-products of industrialisation and deindustrialisation, including the people left behind. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Martyn Clark</span>
<span class=heading><b>Glasgow’s public Internet access</b> by Gillian Anderson (Management Science)</span><br />To maximise the potential offered by digital technology, ease of internet access and an awareness of the benefits needs to be promoted. Broadband internet is available to almost all households in the UK. Uptake in Glasgow has been stagnating over the last few years resulting in a city with the lowest household uptake in the UK. This ’Glasgow problem’ creates a ’digital divide’ between those who have access to the internet and those who do not. Public internet access is available through Glasgow’s public libraries but what defines an adequate level of provision and can public internet access encourage household uptake? <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Gillian Anderson</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Gillian Anderson from Management Science in collaboration with Jason Whalley</span>
<span class=heading><b>Head of Water Flea</b> by Rumelo Amor (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />The head of a water flea is imaged using the simplest of microscopes. The image shows the full head of the water flea, particularly its distinctly arresting eye. The microscope is made from off-the-shelf components: LED for light, an objective lens for focussing, a camera for image capture. This project is a collaboration with a local Scottish company to bring microscopes into schools to introduce young children to the magical world of microscopy. Microscopes open children’s eyes to the world around them, encouraging them to be interested in science and becoming part of our future global pool of scientist researchers. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Rumelo Amor</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Rumelo Amor from Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences in collaboration with Gail McConnell and William Bradshaw Amos FRS</span>category winner
<span class=heading><b>Urban Chickens: the mainstreaming of alternative lifestyles</b> by Andrea Tonner (Marketing)</span><br />This research explores practices and motivations of urban households engaged in activities once uniquely associated with the rural domain, particularly domestic poultry keeping. Designed as a qualitative study it considers that discussions of self-sufficiency and the ’good life’ are insufficiently explanatory when individuals do not fundamentally change lifestyles but rather subsume rural practices into their everyday lives. Alternative lifestyles are generally perceived to exist outside cultural norms and associated with minority forms of sub-culture, e.g. voluntary simplicity. However, practices such as urban livestock rearing are not necessarily extremis but an integral part of everyday mundane consumption. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Andrea Tonner</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Andrea Tonner from Marketing in collaboration with Beverly Wagner from Marketing</span>

<span class=heading><b>For pastures green</b> by Ann Ndiuni (Human Resource Management)</span><br />Welcoming only the brightest and best in the  pursuit of a better lifestyle pushes people to migrate. The challenges of finding oneself socially isolated due to hostility towards migrants by host communities and the difficulty to establish new networks cannot be ignored. The study seeks to investigate the socio-cultural experiences of Kenyan migrant workers in the UK from which recommendations will be brought forth to the relevant policy makers. A settling in guide will be designed for migrants for access at the different stages of their migration journey; pre-departure, on arrival and during settling in, thus easing the integration process. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Ann Ndiuni</span>
<span class=heading><b>Drink and the Victorians: New Perspectives</b> by Thora Hands (School of Humanities)</span><br />Were the people that propped up the bars in the 1870s so very different from those that frequent pubs today? What can their experiences tell us about present day concerns with alcohol consumption? Like this image, my research ’steps’ into Victorian pubs to examine the social and cultural context of drinking, by looking beyond studies of temperance and alcoholism to consider what alcohol meant to ’normal’ consumers. Like us, the Victorians had a complex relationship with drink and their experiences may offer deeper insights into contemporary issues concerning alcohol consumption. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Andrew Welsby</span>
<span class=heading><b>Hidden evidence</b> by Niamh NicDaeid (Pure & Applied Chemistry)</span><br />Footwear marks can provide very valuable evidence in linking crime scenes together or in investigating links between crime scenes and suspects, however in many cases the marks are difficult to see. Our work involved the systematic and scientific visualisation of footwear marks made on dark fabrics that were invisible to the naked eye. These marks need to be enhanced in order that the detailed information that is present in the mark can be revealed. The image demonstrates the spectacular results obtained from a very faint mark in blood on black cotton when visualised with a chemical called acid yellow 7. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Kevin Farrugia</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Niamh NicDaeid from Pure & Applied Chemistry in collaboration with Katy Savage and Kevin Farrugia (CFS, Strathclyde), Helen Bandey (Home Office), Lorna Dawson (James Hutton Institute), Kenny Laing (SPSA forensic services)</span>
<span class=heading><b>Postcards from the railway</b> by Kathy Hamilton (Marketing)</span><br />Our research explored the community role in the regeneration of social places for local tourism promotion in Scotland. We focused on the regeneration of railway stations through a community engagement scheme called ‘Adopt a Station.’ Many studies on tourism planning reach pessimistic conclusions with regards to the capabilities of local residents to make valid and worthwhile contributions to the tourism process. In contrast we highlight the potential for co-creation when the community are offered opportunities for involvement in a place meaning creation process through the development of an outward facing community gateway.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Kathy Hamilton</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Kathy Hamilton from Marketing in collaboration with Matthew Alexander from Marketing</span>



Technology

<span class=heading><b>Natural Fibre</b> by Jose Luis Rudeiros-Fernandez (Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering)</span><br />Natural fibres as flax or coir have shown potential for the substitution of some mineral fibres in composite materials. The automotive industry is highly interested in this kind of materials for their application in carbon footprint reduction strategies. The picture shown here is a colour-enhanced electron micrograph of a fracture surface of a natural fibre reinforced polypropylene composite. The picture shows how the natural fibre (in orange), that at some point runs parallel to the crack propagation direction, has been ripped apart during fracture, letting the internal cellular structure become available to the observer. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Jose Luis Rudeiros-Fernandez</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Jose Luis Rudeiros-Fernandez from Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering in collaboration with Prof. James Thomason</span>
<span class=heading><b>Single Stage to the Future</b> by Nathan Donaldson (Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering)</span><br />Imagine a world where a flight from New York to Sydney takes just two hours, and where equipment and personnel can be sent into space for a mere fraction of what it costs today.  These amazing advances will soon be within our reach thanks to recent developments in hypersonic aerospace research. The ability to fly at hypersonic speeds through the Earth’s atmosphere promises to revolutionise the way that we travel, communicate, conduct commerce and explore the universe around us. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Nathan Donaldson</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Nathan Donaldson from Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering in collaboration with Romain Wuilbercq, Professor Richard Brown</span>commended
<span class=heading><b>Illuminating a gold nano-disc</b> by Duncan McArthur (Physics)</span><br />The interaction of light with matter is one of the most fundamental exchanges in the universe. As technology advances and the structures that we create become smaller and smaller, the nature of this interaction changes. The scattering process (how light is reflected, absorbed and re-emitted) becomes difficult to describe when an object is smaller than the wavelength of the light illuminating it, and any shape more complex than a simple sphere. At the core of my research is a theory which describes this interaction and allows us to understand this process and so thus better develop future technologies. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Duncan McArthur</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Duncan McArthur from Physics in collaboration with Francesco Papoff and Benjamin Hourahine</span>
<span class=heading><b>Water splitting</b> by Martin Shaw (Physics)</span><br />The study of materials on the microscopic and nanometre scale is essential to modern materials science. The use of electron microscopes allows one to see nanometre sized features. This picture shows an electron image of a material grown through a process of layering planes of atoms known as molecular beam epitaxy. This has allowed the creation of a new host of materials called highly mismatched alloys which have the potential for use in new semiconductor devices. One example is Photo Electro Chemical cells which allow the splitting of water molecules into hydrogen fuel using just sunlight.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Martin Shaw</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Martin Shaw from Physics in collaboration with Sergei Novikov, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham.</span>

<span class=heading><b>Static Induction Heating of Nickel Alloy Billet</b> by Stephen Cunniffe (Design, Manufacture & Engineering Management)</span><br />Induction heating is a technology with the potential to dramatically reduce the cost of heating metal within the high-value metal forming industry. Our research has demonstrated energy reduction in the order of 90% over conventional electric furnace heating. In this thermal image a nickel billet is being heated in a static position in an open inductor - the billet is glowing at close to 1100°C - however because it is being heated by induction heating only the billet itself is hot, - while the surrounding laboratory is at ambient temperature. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Advanced Forming Research Centre</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Stephen Cunniffe from Design, Manufacture & Engineering Management in collaboration with the Advanced Forming Research </span>
<span class=heading><b>One small step for light, one giant leap for lighting!</b> by Elaine Taylor (Physics)</span><br />With the banning of low power incandescent bulbs research into highly efficient white lighting devices has increased. The light emitting diode (LED) is a definite contender with high efficiencies and long lifetimes. This picture represents the mapping of the light emission of a blue LED using a laser and small stepping nano-positioners. The blue LED is used as the basis of producing white light and this technique allows us to study the varying luminescence over a mapped area on a micron scale. This in-turn gives us information on the internal efficiencies of the material used to make the blue LED.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Elaine Taylor</span>
<span class=heading><b>Psychology at sea</b> by Stephen Butler (School of Psychological Sciences & Health)</span><br />Crude oil. Two million barrels of it. One of the busiest shipping lanes in the world. Fatigued. Agitated by the incessant engine noise. Conscious of the ever rolling sea. His concentration is wavering. Still two hours on his watch. His vessel is approaching a sandbank. Will he alter course? Tired people make mistakes. Human error accounts for the majority of ship collisions and groundings. Our Human factors research can inform ship design and reduce lapses in attention. Using eye tracking amongst an array of cognitive measures to understand crew behaviour, we can optimise ship design and directly enhance crew performance. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Douglas Cunningham</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Stephen Butler from School of Psychological Sciences & Health in collaboration with Mel McKendrick, Tony Anderson, Keith Edwards & Bruce McGregor (also in same school)</span>
<span class=heading><b>Thermal Imaging of Die surface condition</b> by Xavier Baines (Design, Manufacture & Engineering Management)</span><br />The Image shown here is the surface of a die after a jet engine blade has been heated in the die for around 4 hours. The image is a capture of a thermal video which enables us to study the die condition and therefore, implement the production of these jet engine parts. For instance, we can see here in the white circled area the gradient change of colour which can indicate a chemical reaction between elements, which is a crucial issue of research to enhance these parts.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Xavier Baines</span>

<span class=heading><b>Baby Bright Blanket</b> by Nouf Allehiani (Physics)</span><br />Light emitting diodes (LEDs) are not only an energy-efficient light source that could replace conventional light bulbs, they also have medical applications. For instance blankets incorporating blue LEDs are used for the treatment of jaundiced infants. My PhD work is to characterize nitride semiconductors which can emit light from the red to the ultra-violet. In order to develop high brightness and efficient LEDs, we investigate the role of defects that affect the light emission. The presented image is an electron channelling contrast image from an AlGaN thin-film revealing defects (black dots) and atomic steps (dark lines).<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Nouf Allehiani</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Nouf Allehiani from Physics in collaboration with Technische Universitat Berlin</span>
<span class=heading><b>An evolution of lighting for the developing world</b> by Peter Dauenhauer (Electronic & Electrical Engineering)</span><br />An imported LED lantern used by a farmer and his family of 11 in rural Zambia. While these products last only a year or two before breaking down, but still offer a big opportunity to save money and replace dirtier technologies like kerosene lanterns. Saving up to purchase these electronics is a challenge, but payback can be in as little as a few weeks. Ultra-Affordable electronics such as LED lanterns are an example of a market driven design and huge economies of scale for the bottom billon market. This LED lantern design, like most, was made in China. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Peter Dauenhauer</span>commended
<span class=heading><b>Pushing boundaries on a small-scale</b> by Elisabeth Fraczek (Institute of Photonics)</span><br />As scientists, we strive to contribute to something greater. In the 20th century mastering the electron allowed us to develop electronic devices that changed our lives forever. We are on the edge of our next big challenge now. Photonic devices will provide us with undreamt-of possibilities, opening the doors to a new era for mankind. Our contribution to the scientific community, to quality and quantity of research, provides the foundation for progress. We need a new generation of lasers: powerful, compact and highly functional. Novel laser-gain materials, like diamond, can take us there if we learn how to harness them. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Elisabeth Fraczek</span>overall winner
<span class=heading><b>Nano-pencils to light our world</b> by Paul Edwards (Physics)</span><br />Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) will reduce global energy demand for lighting applications, but can be made more efficient when shaped into nano-scale structures. Here is an electron microscope image of a gallium nitride LED in which pencil-shaped columns have been formed. The centre shows the light emitted when electrons hit the device - a phenomenon called cathodoluminescence. The colours show the brightness of different peaks in the spectrum of this luminescence: regions emitting blue, violet and ultra-violet light are displayed in red, green and blue respectively. The information yielded by such measurements is essential in optimising the complex fabrication processes behind such devices.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Paul Edwards</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Paul Edwards from Physics in collaboration with Robert Martin (Physics), and with Philip Shields and co-workers from the University of Bath</span>

<span class=heading><b>The price of safety in compressor industry</b> by Grzegorz Liskiewicz (Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering)</span><br />Centrifugal compressors are widely used in industry to generate high-pressure gases. It is also a well-known fact thatin certain circumstances it is affected by a phenomenon called surge, where the machine starts to vibrate and failure is likely to occur. Therefore, each compressor is equipped with anti-surge mechanisms. The main problem lies in the fact, that these mechanisms are limiting the machine efficiency making its operation more expensive. Our research aims at understanding  flow structures associated with surge onset. Their identification would allow us to provide industry with anti-surge systems that are both cheaper and safer. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Grzegorz Liskiewicz</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Grzegorz Liskiewicz from Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering in collaboration with Lodz University of Technology (Poland)</span>
<span class=heading><b>3D Modelling Of A Famosa Fortress, Malaysia Based on Comparison of Textual and Visual Data</b> by Mohamad Izani (Architecture)</span><br />This research presents an attempt to model the ’A Famosa Fortress’ in Malaysia into 3D. This building was built in 1511 by the Portuguese and went through several architectural developments and changes before being largely destroyed during the British occupation in 1824. The biggest challenge in this research is to determine the original fortress layout due to the lack of any authoritative documentation pertaining to the fortress. Detailed analysis has been conducted to identify reliable sources for references which are available in the form of text and visual.  We then pre-visualised the layout in 3D model. The results are presented as a complete 3D model of the A Famosa fortress.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Mohamad Izani</span>
<span class=heading><b>Liquid Crystal Theory</b> by Andre Sonnet (Mathematics & Statistics)</span><br />Liquid crystals are all around, even if you don’t realise it. They make up the walls of every cell in your body and are in almost every electronic gadget you own. The theory underlying their behaviour was developed at Strathclyde, and researchers were recently invited to participate in a prestigious Isaac Newton Institute Programme in Cambridge. The image represents collaborative work between Strathclyde and University of Pavia academics, undertaken in Cambridge, into the role of defects in liquid crystals. They may seem archaic to some, but chalkboards are vital collaborative tools to mathematicians, where equations can be developed, explored and adapted quickly. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Andre Sonnet</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Andre Sonnet from Mathematics & Statistics in collaboration with Epifanio Virga from the University of Pavia</span>
<span class=heading><b>Earth from space, captured by Suaineadh experiment</b> by Thomas Sinn (Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering)</span><br />On the 19th of March 2012, the Suainedh experiment was launched into space on board the sounding rocket REXUS13 from the Swedish spaceport Kiruna. The pictures were captured by the experiment at an altitude of 100km, the beginning of space. Suainedh had the purpose of deploying a web in microgravity, enabling the construction of large structures in space. One application of these structures is solar power satellites that could resolve the global energy crisis. Suainedh was a collaboration of the University of Strathclyde, University of Glasgow and KTH in Stockholm with a multidisciplinary team of over twenty Scottish and international students.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Thomas Sinn</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Thomas Sinn from Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering in collaboration with Malcolm McRobb (University of Glasgow), Adam Wujek (KTH, Stockholm), Jerker Skogby (KTH, Stockholm), Fredrik Rogberg (KTH, Stockholm) and Junyi Wang (KTH, Stockholm)</span>

<span class=heading><b>Twitter activity around a conference hashtag</b> by Alexander V. Matzaris (Mathematics & Statistics)</span><br />New ideas in big data analytics allow us to visualize distinct communities, promiscuous hubs, and key bridges between them. Quantifying influence and the spread of information in this type of dynamic network can add value to many areas, including marketing, disease control, digital security and election forecasting. In this study, [1], computed measures of influence were validated against the views of social media experts.Reference:[1] Dynamic targeting in an online social medium, P. Laflin, A. V. Mantzaris, P. Grindrod, F. Ainley, A. Otley and D.J. Higham, Proceedings of Social Informatics 2012, Lausanne. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Alexander V. Matzaris</span>.  <span class=small>Research by Alexander V. Mantzaris from Mathematics & Statistics in collaboration with Peter Laflin</span>
<span class=heading><b>Geeks of the world unite - you have nothing to lose but your culture</b> by Nina Baker (Architecture)</span><br />The Geek’s Guide to Glasgow is a project, in conjunction with the Glasgow City Marketing Bureau and Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland, bringing to light the many sights, visitor attractions and social opportunities in the city for those with science, engineering, or technology interests. The first public outcome is a city centre guided walk including this statue of James Watt in Nelson Mandela Square. He is instructing a young pupil whilst holding the governor he invented and sitting on the condenser for which he is even more renowned. Our engineering hero is the most depicted person in the city - what else is there in the Geek Guide? <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2013 Nina Baker</span>