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Images of Research 2014 Gallery

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 Business and Industry

<span class=heading><b>A sticky end for parasites?</b> by Pilaslak Akrachalanont</span><br />Parasitic worms have been the scourge of man and beast for centuries, sometimes with fatal consequences. With their growing resistance to drugs, could another creepy-crawly provide a solution? Bees produce a glue substance – propolis – for sealing gaps in the hive; our initial research indicates its ingredients could be key in the fight against parasitic worms, adding further weight to the bees’ eco-superhero status.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Pilaslak Akrachalanont</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Catherine Lawrence , Katharine Carter</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>All the world’s a stage</b> by Nicola Cairns (Design Manufacture and Engineering Management)</span><br />We all care about what we look like. How would you feel about yourself if you had a limb amputated? Some amputees have concerns about body image that lead to anxiety and depression. The University of Strathclyde and Blatchford are developing covers for artificial limbs that are lifelike, lightweight and low cost. These will help amputees adjust their body image to feel positive about how they look, and therfore ready to take on the world!<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Nicola Cairns</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: William MacKinnnon, prosthetic technician in National Centre for Prosthetics and Orthotics. He is the photographer and image editor</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/146889256&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Bon Appetit!</b> by Tara Beattie</span><br />In Malawi, 99% of the rural population use open firewood cook stoves, emitting high levels of black carbon, fine particles and other air pollutants. Prolonged exposure to pollutants is associated with high risks of cardiovascular diseases and respiratory illnesses. The case (pictured left) contains portable air quality monitoring equipment which enables our researchers to measure the amount of air pollutants, and inform the development of interventions to improve air quality.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Tara Beattie</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Fiona Sutherland, PhD Student who took the photograph and completed the research. Tracy Morse, Iain Beverland</span>
<span class=heading><b>Engagement in the digital age</b> by Mohammad Shafqat</span><br />Organisations are increasingly looking for ways to keep their employees engaged at work. Whilst the abundance of communicative technologies has improved our ability to work on the move, it has also created more opportunities for distraction. Our research is exploring how communicative technologies are blurring the lines between work and personal life, and exploring ways to keep the workforce engaged in today’s digital age.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Mohammad Shafqat</span>
<span class=heading><b>Future impact in patient medicines</b> by Laura Martinez Marcos (SIPBS)</span><br />
Industrial manufacturing of medicines is currently undergoing key changes that will lead to better medicines as well as meeting patient requirements. As one of the main steps involved, powder processing will become pivotal within the Pharmaceutical Industry. From a mixture of solid powders to a complete change in shape and material state due to the application of high temperatures and pressure. This is the outcome provided by novel manufacturing technologies.

<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Laura Martinez Marcos</span>
<span class=heading><b>Industrial Dilemmas</b> by Naomi Briggs (SIPBS)</span><br />Bearding, Fouling, Scaling, Sticking, Encrustation - the formation of solid crust during pharmaceutical crystallisation. This is one of the major limiting factors preventing the successful implementation of industrial continuous crystallisation. It leads to uncontrolled processing, blockages and all sorts of predicaments. Continuous crystallisation provides higher quality medicines, cheaply, with a reduced footprint. Careful control will accelerate the adaption of continuous crystallisation. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Naomi Briggs</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Fiona McGurk</span>
<span class=heading><b>Inner Sorrow, Outer Smile</b> by Laura Del Carpio</span><br /> 
Sometimes your face doesn’t mirror what you’re feeling inside. In Scotland, two people die by suicide every day, but what happens to those left behind? Our research asks whether adolescents whose loved ones die by suicide are more likely to self-harm or consider suicide, compared with those affected by other causes of death. Answering this question will improve our understanding of suicide bereavement, and help inform prevention strategies and policies.e.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Laura Del Carpio</span>
<span class=heading><b>Inspirational medicines for lung cancer</b> by Mireia Puig (SIPBS)</span><br />Delivering anticancer drugs directly into the lungs improves lung cancer therapy. Patients can self-administer medicines that go directly to the tumours, minimising side effects and maximising efficacy. Industrial partnership with device manufacturers will allow the research done at the University of Strathclyde to become a clinical reality. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Mireia Puig</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Katharine Chris Carter (senior lecturer), Alexander Mullen (professor), Lucy Hardaker (Philips Respironics), Graham Matthews (Philips Respironics), Graham Matthews (Philips Respironics), Jana Katharina Hitner (PhD student)</span>
<span class=heading><b>Marine Medicines</b> by Lynsey MacIntyre (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />Scientists from the University of Strathclyde and Scottish SME, Marine Biopolymers Ltd, collecting seaweed on the Ayrshire coast. Scientists from the SeaBioTech project are going ’under the sea’, exploiting marine microbes found within seaweeds and marine sponges from the Scottish coastline in search of new medicines such as anti-cancer drugs and antibiotics. They are looking for ways sustainably to  manufacture these medicines on an industrial scale to make them more affordable.
 <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Lynsey MacIntyre</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Kirsty Black, Bela Maguie Sanches</span>
<span class=heading><b>Parasites: Friend or Foe?</b> by James Doonan</span><br />Like it or not, parasites and humans have co-evolved over millennia. As we work to improve sanitation and eradicate parasites, should we first ask ourselves whether this living arrangement has actually protected our immune systems by preventing the rise of autoimmune diseases, like rheumatoid arthritis? Our research is investigating whether a protein produced by parasitic worms could be used to create new and better medicines to treat autoimmune diseases. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 James Doonan</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr Felicity Lumb - Co-creator of content.</span>
<span class=heading><b>Robotic Rolling Rumba</b> by Rahul Summan (Electronic and Electrical Engineering)</span><br />Ultrasonic inspection of aircraft composite structures is a critical stage in manufacture that ensures parts are within stringent safety limits. This image shows a KUKA KR5HW robot carrying out an automated ultrasonic inspection of a subscale wing component using an ultrasonic wheel probe which rolls over the surface. The robot appears to dance as it sweeps the probe over the component. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Rahul Summan</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Maxim Morozov, Charles Macleod, Gareth Pierce, Spirit AeroSystems </span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>SeaBioTech: from Sea-bed to Test-bed.</b> by Mariana Fazenda (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />We harvested seaweed from the Scottish coast searching for cancer cures and antibiotics. Seaweed has millions of endosymbiotic microorganisms living inside it producing unique compounds against environmental stresses, potentially having interesting medicinal properties. SeaBioTech (EU-FP7 project) is driven by SMEs to find ways sustainably to manufacture such novel marine products on an industrial-scale. Our research has the potential to reduce the costs of drugs, which are putting financial strains on healthcare. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Mariana Fazenda</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Lynsey MacIntyre, Kirsty Black, Tong Zhang, Carol Clements, Louise Young, Grainne Abbott, RuAngelie Edrada-Ebel, Linda Harvey, Alan Harvey & Brian McNeil</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/146888205&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Small particles tackling big problems</b> by Yvonne Perrie</span><br />Ensuring global access to safe, effective medicines depends on improving manufacturing methods while keeping the end product financially viable. Nanomedicines are extremely accurate tiny delivery systems that pinpoint the place and time to release drugs in the body, significantly improving medicine’s effectiveness and reducing side effects. An interdisciplinary team of Strathclyde researchers is collaborating to improve nanomedicine production methods, creating better drugs while also working to reduce costs.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Yvonne Perrie</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Neil Forbes, Carla Roces, Gustavo Lou, Maryam Hussain, Giulia Anderluzzi </span>
<span class=heading><b>Stranded Fossil Fuel Assets</b> by Sarah Boyar (Accounting and Finance)</span><br />Once an oxygen-producing boreal forest, this Canadian tar sands site now produces carbon dioxide. If climate emission targets are to be achieved, tar sands’ oil cannot be burned.This could leave many banks stranded with project loans that cannot be repaid. I study the perception of environmental and social risks in financial institutions. I interview bankers and create data relationships from their stories, helping them generate knowledge about their own perceptions and processes.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Sarah Boyar</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Sustainable Manufacture of Chemical Building-blocks.</b> by Peter Gardner (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />Oil prices skyrocket whilst reserves dwindle but mankind’s reliance and appetite for plastic technology escalates. Globablly there is a pressing need to find an alternative raw material for the manufacture of these commodities. This research, in collaboration with Ingenza Ltd. (an IBioIC member), aims to exploit microorganisms and industrial biotechnology to generate a plentiful and cost-effective supply of the chemical building blocks required by industry.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Peter Gardner</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Laura Jeffrey, PhD Student in Fermentation Centre (SIPBS).</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/146888576&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>The Brain in Focus</b> by Graham Robertson</span><br />The brain is an amazingly complex organ with billions of cells working together. Each neuron (the branching green cells) is connected to thousands of other neurons forming an organised network that they can communicate across. Our research involves growing these cells in a lab and focussing on how they change during injury and disease. By understanding these changes, we are better able to design new therapies to tackle these disorders.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Graham Robertson</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Cells were provided by Christopher MacKerron</span>
<span class=heading><b>The Future of Space Transportation</b> by Romain Wuilbercq (Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering)</span><br />The picture depicts our CFASTT-1A space plane orbiting around the Earth before reentry into the terrestrial atmosphere. This research aims to support the promising new space-access industry that has arisen since the demise of NASA’s space shuttle, and to develop new ways of providing cost effective, efficient and reliable global transport and access to space.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Romain Wuilbercq</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Prof. Richard Brown</span>
<span class=heading><b>while (PLAY) {SPEAK; LEARN;}</b> by Revathy Nayar</span><br />Three out of 10 children in the UK experience some form of speech and language difficulty. Technology can help to provide a positive learning environment for children with speech problems. At Strathclyde we’re investigating how effectively speech recognition software detects speech anomalies observed in children. This can be used to develop fun, clinically verified mobile apps to assist speech therapists in clinics and help parents and children at home.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Revathy Nayar</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Mr Vijay Kumar S </span>


 Government and Third Sector

<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Biomass Management in Malawi</b> by Peter Dauenhauer (Electronic and Electrical Engineering)</span><br />In Balaka, central Malawi, a group of homes stand out in the valley of the sparsely vegetated nearby hillside.
Deforestation is a widespread problem in Malawi.  Households depend on wood-fuel for nearly all of their cooking.  Charcoal production for urban centres pressures the forests even further.
The Malawi Renewable Energy Acceleration Programme has overseen creation of eight community based forestry management projects and distribution of over 7,000 efficient cook stoves.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Peter Dauenhauer</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/153081186&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Clay structure, a quick check.</b> by Bruna Lopes (Civil and Environmental Engineering)</span><br />When quick clay is disturbed its consistency can change from a relatively stiff condition to a consistency softer than toothpaste, which means its structure was modified. A variety of other factors, such as rainfall, construction of structures, earthquakes etc., can also change the original structure of the soil. Understanding the soil structure changes undergone by the materials is fundamental to improving the construction techniques and to avoiding environmental catastrophes.



 


<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Bruna Lopes</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Alessandro Tarantino</span>
<span class=heading><b>Deforestation in the Kitchen</b> by Aran Eales</span><br />A major cause of Malawi’s severe deforestation is the felling of trees to produce charcoal for household cooking, but the problem doesn’t stop there. Pollutants from wood and charcoal burning cook-stoves, used in most households, gravely impact on health. Our Energy for Development group works with Malawian non-profit organisations on several renewable energy projects, including conducting energy audits and deploying improved cook-stoves, which in turn reduce deforestation and improve health.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Aran Eales</span>
<span class=heading><b>New heights for wind power</b> by Oliver Tulloch</span><br />Why build towers to hold up wind turbines when they can hold themselves up? By using lightweight kites, costs are dramatically reduced, and turbines can reach high altitudes where stronger, more consistent winds can be found, increasing the reliability of power generation. Our research on this concept could take wind power to new heights, further decreasing our reliance on fossil fuels.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Oliver Tulloch</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Roderick Read - Photographer</span>
<span class=heading><b>Off-grid</b> by Scott Strachan</span><br />Today 1.2 billion people live without electricity. Unable to connect to the national grid due to their remote location, these people rely on fuelwood and kerosene for cooking and lighting, resulting in 4 million deaths each year from indoor pollution. Strathclyde engineers are working to design, build and install systems that provide clean, renewable off-grid electricity, transforming the lives of some of the world’s most vulnerable, poor and isolated people.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Scott Strachan</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Puran Rahkra Michael Dolan Scott Strachan</span>
<span class=heading><b>Pellet of Destiny</b> by Noor Hamzah (Pure and Applied Chemistry)</span><br />
Air weapons are commonly used by hobbyists, however they are also increasingly used in criminal activities.  As with other weapons, the projectiles produced by some air weapons contain striation marks which could potentially link the projectile to a specific weapon. This research examines new objective means of assessing the match criteria of striations between air pistol pellets.  The image is a magnified region illustrating the striation marks on a pellet.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Noor Hamzah</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Prof. Niamh Nic Daeid</span>
<span class=heading><b>Powering business, fuelling change</b> by Aran Eales</span><br />Mobiles, computers, the internet…in the increasingly connected world we live in it’s easy to forget that many rural areas of Africa are not even connected to the electricity grid. However, cheaper and more available solar panels are now bringing power to remote businesses like this barber shop in Malawi. Our Energy for Development research group designs business models for innovative uses of energy, stimulating local economies and reducing poverty.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Aran Eales</span>
<span class=heading><b>Q-R&D</b> by Steven Ford (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />For three decades the Formulation Unit has been researching, developing and manufacturing drugs for Cancer Research UK’s clinical trials. During that time the researchers have adopted new techniques, moved location and adapted to EU regulations. Images from the Unit’s past are arranged as a ‘qr collage’, which links to the group’s website, and describes the history behind the pictures shown.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Steven Ford</span>
<span class=heading><b>Reinforced Concrete Subjected to Fire</b> by Mohammad Alqassim (Pure and Applied Chemistry)</span><br />Forensic examination of fire-damaged concrete structures could be achieved by several engineering methods. The responses of construction materials to thermal exposures are variable, and typical reinforced concrete may withstand temperatures up to 1000 °C before disintegration. Intensity and duration of the fire can be estimated by observing the collateral damages. Information gathered from the latter may provide necessary evidence in the analysis of fire scene debris and expert witness reports. </strong><br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Mohammad Alqassim</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Prof. Niamh Nic Daeid</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Rheumatoid arthritis: the master manipulator?</b> by Kirsty Ross (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />These are false colour images of immune cells called mast cells (black) in mouse tissue. Mast cells are found in inflammed joints during arthritis and could trigger joint destruction. We want to understand when, where and how mast cells affect arthritis. By comparing mice with and without mast cells, it will be possible to work out how mast cells contribute to disease. We would then target them with drugs to help patients.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Kirsty Ross</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr Catherine Lawrence</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/153080235&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>The turbulent life of turbines</b> by Rohaida Hussain</span><br /> 
Have you ever tried to keep hold of an umbrella as it gets pulled in different directions on a gusty day? Similarly, while strong winds enable wind turbines to increase power production, changeable winds can place undue stress on the turbine blades. Our research is looking at ways of reducing the loads placed on turbine blades by developing control systems that can monitor and react to changing conditions.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Rohaida Hussain</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Tithandizane Orphan Care Centre </b> by Magnus Currie (Electronic and Electrical Engineering)</span><br />Orphans in rural Malawi wait patiently whilst University of Strathclyde researchers meet with the Village Chief and local women who look after the orphans.  
The biogas system can be seen under construction in the background which, once complete, will provide clean energy for the community.
This will reduce the burden on the orphan carers, provide more timely meals for the orphans and reduce deforestation - a serious problem throughout Malawi.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Magnus Currie</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/146888399&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Vibrant-Deformation: Geology Encompassing Engineering </b> by Chiara Mazzoni (Civil and Environmental Engineering)</span><br />A geological site investigation, highlighting the deformation patterns formed due to changes in the rock structure.
Deformation can result in small fault zones containing fractures; potential conduits for fluid flow.
We use novel geophysical site investigation techniques combined with short period seismometers to detect fault zones less than 5m in width.
 
This technology will monitor discrete leaking due to the cracking of capped rocks in the subsurface, contributing towards a globally sustainable future.  <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Chiara Mazzoni</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Megan Heather</span>
<span class=heading><b>Where will your car charge?</b> by Kyle Smith</span><br />Charging stations like this represent the way of the future. Electric cars are getting cheaper, quieter and cleaner, and ownership is expected to rise sharply. But is our existing power network capable of keeping thousands of cars charged and on the road? Our research identifies designs for connecting these vehicles to our infrastructure that will ensure the success of a widespread, affordable shift to this sustainable mode of transport.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Kyle Smith</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Kyle Smith, Stuart Galloway</span>


 Academia

<span class=heading><b>’Free-from’ matters</b> by Francesca Laitano</span><br />‘Free-from’ foods are increasingly in demand due to a rise in the diagnosis of digestive diseases and other lifestyle improvement needs. However, many of these products are not nutritionally balanced or even particularly enjoyable to eat. By exploring how food molecules interact – through the study of their chemical, mechanical and thermal properties – we are aiming to improve product textures and reduce ingredients, benefitting taste buds and purses alike.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Francesca Laitano</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr.Ashleigh Fletcher (Supervisor); Mr. Gerard Johnston (Technical Support)</span>
<span class=heading><b>A vibrating response!</b> by David Garcia (Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering)</span><br />The vibration response is recorded in a composite beam by an accelerometer. The data obtained contains information regarding properties of the structure and behaviour during service. Scientist’s and engineers are working to process the vibration responses for controlling and monitoring the health of the structure. The results will establish a methodology of a real-time damage diagnosis.  <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 David Garcia</span>
<span class=heading><b>Advanced materials and smart coatings</b> by Rafee Abdulmajeed  Rafee Ahamed</span><br />Chaucer said "time and tide wait for no man". Today we harness the tide to power our homes and workplaces, but the relentless passage of time threatens that achievement, gradually eroding our tidal turbines. At Strathclyde we’re working to produce advanced materials like smart coatings with super low friction for wear, which sense corrosion and take steps to repair damage, ensuring turbines continue generating renewable energy for years to come.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Rafee Abdulmajeed  Rafee Ahamed</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Margaret M. Stack, Cameron Johnstone and John Cullen</span>
<span class=heading><b>Beyond Smart Factories</b> by Abigail Hird</span><br />


Increasingly ‘smart’ factories and products are constantly collecting a wealth of data through the entire product lifecycle. Designers and manufacturers can develop better products by considering data collected beyond the factory walls, as well as from internal sources. Our research seeks to provide a better understanding of how crucial insights from that data could be applied for better decision making, increased productivity and sustainability in the design and manufacturing process.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Abigail Hird</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Ross Brisco (Photographer)</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>CO₂ seeps: a ’breathing’ Earth</b> by Jen Roberts (Civil and Environmental Engineering)</span><br />Every day, in the Valle D’Ansanto in Italy (the ’breathing valley’), over 2000 tonnes of geologically-derived CO2 ’seeps’  to the Earth surface, making it’s way from a CO2 reservoir in rocks 1 km below the ground.
Researching the ’plumbing’ of CO2 in the Earth, and the distribution and characteristics of these seeps, help to ensure that engineered geological stores of man-made CO2 (’Carbon Capture and Storage’) do not leak.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Jen Roberts</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr Mark Naylor (Photographer and Field Assistant)</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/146888822&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Colours of drug polymorphism</b> by Monika Warzecha</span><br /> 
This image shows crystals of olanzapine – a drug used to treat bipolar disease, which affects more than 50 million people worldwide. During crystallization, molecules can arrange themselves in different forms. The speed at which these ‘polymorphic’ forms dissolve varies dramatically, impacting the body’s ability to absorb the drug and stabilize the patient. Our research focuses on developing robust methods to control polymorphism, ensuring the drugs can do their job effectively.
 <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Monika Warzecha</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Healthy Communication</b> by Graham Robertson (Biomedical Engineering)</span><br />These brain cells are a mixture of neurons (in blue) and astrocytes (in green) which are the most common cells found in the brain. There is much still unknown about how these cells signal each other, especially during diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease. Here we grow these cells in isolated networks to learn more about how they communicate and to discover what changes during disease conditions. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Graham Robertson</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr Michele Zagnoni (Supervisor), Dr Trevor Bushell (Supervisor)</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/146887774&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Improving Bacteria for Antibiotic Production</b> by Jana Hiltner (SIPBS)</span><br />In the picture you can see a world map made of growing Streptomyces highlighting in blue the countries which are collaborating, through our engineered strains making the blue antibiotic actinorhodin. We are scientists from Strathclyde, Mexico and Slovenia studying Streptomyces – a bacterium that is used industrially to produce antibiotics. Our research aims at understanding how the metabolism of these bacteria works in order to improve antibiotic production and benefit the health sector.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Jana Hiltner</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Paul Hoskisson (Idea Development)</span>
<span class=heading><b>Probing Vascular Disease</b> by Calum Wilson (Biomedical Engineering)</span><br />The cellular layer lining blood vessels - the endothelium - is only a thousandth of a millimetre thick but controls all blood vessel functions and all changes that occur in cardiovascular disease. Scientists have developed a new probe that directly visualises the endothelium inside blood vessels. By seeing exactly how these cells operate in intact arteries, scientists will be able to understand the changes occuring in cardiovascular disease and develop new treatments.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Calum Wilson</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Chris Saunter, John Girkin, John McCarron</span>
<span class=heading><b>Root treatment for embankment?</b> by Phillippe Sentenac (Civil and Environmental Engineering)</span><br />New developments in geophysical tomography can now predict hidden weaknesses inside flood defences avoiding catastrophic collapse during flooding. The image shows a typical cross section of a compromised embankment revealing anomalies (red) which have, or will lead to failure. This research and the fast track techniques used could help Environment Agencies to manage flood risk more readily, identify problems before they occur, reduce insurance costs and raise public/investor confidence  <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Phillippe Sentenac</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Mr Andrew Wilkin, Mr Gareth Jones, Dr Marcin Zielinski, Mr Ron Baron</span>
<span class=heading><b>Rust Forensics</b> by Athanasios Anagnostakis</span><br />How can destroying materials help us to learn how to make them stronger? Our research focusses on understanding how rust and fatigue affect metals, the damage they cause and where and how cracks begin to show. By actually causing rust, we can study the ways in which it weakens metal, and use that knowledge to help develop early warning systems, or to improve the metal’s properties, significantly extending its life.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Athanasios Anagnostakis</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Self-organization of cold atoms</b> by Pedro Monteiro Gomes (Physics)</span><br /> 
Light can interact with atoms. In some cases random fluctuations in the interaction are amplified to create beautiful structures that resemble others more familiar such as the honeycombs that bees create. This image shows an example of these self-organizing phenomena that can be manipulated in an atomic physics laboratory to help understand how simple natural random processes can lead to complex structures.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Pedro Monteiro Gomes</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Guillaume Labeyrie,Thorsten Ackemann,  Aidan Arnold, Robin Kaiser, Enrico Tesio, Gordon Robb, Gian-Luca Oppo, William Firth</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/162669527&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Should we drink this water?</b> by Sadia Khan (Civil and Environmental Engineering )</span><br />Water distribution systems contain pathogens including antibiotic resistant bacteria which are difficult to treat by disinfectants. Elimination of these organisms from drinking water is not easy. People think that water is bacteria free. This is not true, we just can’t see these microscopic bodies which find their way into water and multiple there. These organisms are emerging pollutants. So think when you drink!



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<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Sadia Khan</span>
<span class=heading><b>The onset of crystallisation?</b> by Thomas McGlone (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />Many pharmaceutical products feature a crystallisation stage in their production.  Crystallisation is the spontaneous formation of millions of tiny particles containing a highly organised array of molecules packed together with specific orientations.  The way these molecules pack can drastically affect the performance of the final product.  This picture highlights macroscopically the birth of the crystal particles in a special type of reactor, with swirling flow, to allow a greater level of control.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Thomas McGlone</span>


 The Public and Communities

<span class=heading><b>Amazon rainforest conservation</b> by Ann Mitchell (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />The photograph is of a community in the Peruvian Amazon flooded forest.  The indigenous elders of these regions have a profound knowledge of sustainable management of the forest that is in very real danger of dying out. Our project works with elders in Colombia, Peru, Brazil and Ecuador to recuperate and preserve this knowledge.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Ann Mitchell</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Researchers: UK: University of Strathclyde SIPBS: Professor Sandy Gray, University of St Andrews: Professor Mario Aguilar: Dr. James Richardson & colleagues; Royal Botanic Gardens Edinburgh; Colombia: Professors Blanca de Corredor & Andres Corredor; elders (sabedores) of the Amazon forest communities, Banco de la Republica (Leticia), ACITAM; Brazil: FIUPAM; Ecuador: Professor Luis Huaraca.</span>
<span class=heading><b>Burning to reduce fuel burn</b> by Catherine Jones</span><br />Composites (consisting of two or more materials, e.g. carbon fibre and plastic) have revolutionised the aerospace industry.  However these lighter, stronger materials are more susceptible to heat damage than traditional metals. With increasing use of electricity on aircraft, the integration of composites with the electrical system is important. At Strathclyde we’re capturing information on the impact of sustained electrical currents on composite materials, so that we can optimise system design.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Catherine Jones</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Chris Banks (photo editing assistance).</span>
<span class=heading><b>Dead in Orbit</b> by Bryan Tester</span><br />What if this satellite could repair itself, not using human hands, but with information already programmed into it? It sounds like science fiction, but Strathclyde is already working to realise this concept, and the potential benefit is staggering. Today, damage like this could end a space mission, costing millions in lost investment. But in future, satellites made of so-called ‘programmable matter’ could simply self-heal, then return to business as usual.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Bryan Tester</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Cal Lomax - Artist</span>
<span class=heading><b>Destruction disruption</b> by Marcello Lappa</span><br />
The growing risk of terrorism attacks in places like airports and train stations demands new safety measures in structural design. This image shows a computer simulation of dust particle dispersion following an explosion. Discovering how gases and dispersed particles behave when subjected to external forces is crucial to developing new safety requirements. We hope the dispersal shape (a four-leaf clover) will prove a good omen for our challenging research.


<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Marcello Lappa</span>
<span class=heading><b>Disability and Community </b> by Angela Turner (History)</span><br />The image shows paraplegic archers in a contest at the Miners’ Gala Day in Newtongrange, 1960s. This illustrates key aspects of a current Wellcome Trust funded project at The University of Strathclyde concerned with Disability and Industrialisation. Coal mining was one of the most dangerous occupations in the 20th century with high levels of industrial injury and disease. Research has revealed strong community networks and how mining communities sought to mediate the impact of disability on miners and their families.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Angela Turner</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Divided communities</b> by Radoslaw Polkowski (Human Resource Management)</span><br />Painting elements of urban infrastructure is a way in which rival communities in Northern Ireland symbolically divide public spaces: Irish tricolour marks the republican, British tricolour the loyalist areas in Derry/Londonderry, the city whose name is also a contested issue. How does this unique context impact on lives of newcomers to these old-established communities: e.g migrant workers? In answering this question, my study critically engages with our established notions of community.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Radoslaw Polkowski</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/153080766&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Flaming Keyboards</b> by Mark Shephard (Politics)</span><br />How heated does social media get on the Scottish independence referendum? What do those posting comments make of: independence (Yes versus No); national identity; political parties; and political leaders? How much Over-The-Top/flaming behaviour takes place online? Does flaming behaviour have any impact on the views of those engaging with social media? How does opinion online compare with representative public opinion? What are the lessons we need to learn from this?<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Mark Shephard</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr. Stephen Quinlan, Dr. Stephen Tagg, Prof. Lindsay Paterson</span>
<span class=heading><b>Frankensoils for Regenerating Damaged Soils</b> by Christine Switzer (Civil and Environmental Engineering)</span><br />Glasgow City of Science, a partnership of over 50 organisations including the University of Strathclyde, attempted to set a world handwashing record with 36,000 primary schoolchildren across Glasgow. Frankensoils researchers and colleagues in Civil and Environmental Engineering contributed 50 cuddly microbes to support this attempt. Frankensoils researchers develop ways to restore life to damaged, nutrient-poor soils. We build from simple microbes such as those we knitted to complex, self-sustaining ecosystems.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Christine Switzer</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Neil McCosh (image contributor) and Claire Howell, Tara Beattie, and Grainne El Mountassir (fellow knitters)</span>
<span class=heading><b>Landslide in ’wee’ world</b> by Nor Shahidah Mohd Nazer (Civil and Environmental Engineering )</span><br />Landslides are known as one of the biggest natural disasters that can happen anytime and anywhere. A simple tool, such as the direct shear test, could interpret the likelihood of large-scale landslides in a simple, fast and effective way. This simulation of real-case landslides help researchers to understand the complex mechanism behind such movements and can provide adequate knowledge towards landslide behaviour for future mitigation planning. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Nor Shahidah Mohd Nazer</span>
<span class=heading><b>Monitoring under the watchful saint</b> by Samuel Grainger</span><br />
A mural of St Mungo watches over one of Glasgow’s many Air Pollution Monitoring Stations. When Nitrogen Dioxide (an urban pollutant) is exposed to a chemical fabric within the tubes, it forms crystals which are analysed to measure pollution levels. Our research trials a new type of tube which may improve readings by preventing strong winds from agitating the crystals, while maintaining the tubes’ ability to trap pollutants successfully.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Samuel Grainger</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Sam Bates "Smug" (Mural Painter), Nicola Massey and Fiona Sutherland (Co-workers)</span>
<span class=heading><b>Pollution beyond our planet</b> by Stuart Grey</span><br />This image shows man-made space debris, ranging in size from a paint fleck to a double-decker bus, which accumulated in a single year. Travelling faster than a bullet, this debris can potentially take down our communications and Global Positioning System (GPS), and even prevent manned space flight. Our research aims to predict how space debris moves over time, allowing us to develop a clean-up strategy to tackle this global problem.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Stuart Grey</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Reaching out for Schizophrenia</b> by Sibani Mohanty (Biomedical Engineering)</span><br />People with mental health problems such as schizophrenia suffer from hallucinations, social withdrawal and other health and social disadvantages. We can lend them a hand of care and support, to help them find a way to lead a normal life and be  part of the society again. My contribution towards this cause is to study and understand their brain activity to enable early diagnosis of schizophrenia and thus improve the treatment process.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Sibani Mohanty</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/153081021&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Take a deep breath?</b> by Fiona Sutherland</span><br />Today 1.2 billion people live without electricity. Unable to connect to the national grid due to their remote location, these people rely on fuelwood and kerosene for cooking and lighting, resulting in 4 million deaths each year from indoor pollution. Strathclyde engineers are working to design, build and install systems that provide clean, renewable off-grid electricity, transforming the lives of some of the world’s most vulnerable, poor and isolated people.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Fiona Sutherland</span>
<span class=heading><b>The jury decides: windfarm development</b> by Jen Roberts (Civil and Environmental Engineering)</span><br />What should be the key principles for decisions about wind farm development in Scotland, and why? We put this question to the jury - in fact, to three different ‘juries’ each made up of diverse groups of Scottish citizens. Over two Saturdays, each jury heard evidence from all sides of the argument, reflected on the issues raised and agreed on what matters to them.
 <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Jen Roberts</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Oliver Escobar (Academy of Government, University of Edinburgh), Research Coordinator: Jen Roberts (ClimateXChange, University of Strathclyde), Project Manager: Ragne Low (ClimateXChange), Research Team: University of Edinburgh; Dr Leslie Mabon, Dr Claire Haggett, Dr Mhairi Aitken, Professor Andrew Thompson, Dr Niccole Pamphilis, University of the West of Scotland: Dr Stephen Elstub, Ruth Lightbody, Queen Margaret University: Dr Magda Pieczka, Communications: Anne-Marte Bergseng (ClimateXChange), Administration: Darcy Pimblett and Lee Callaghan (ClimateXChange)</span>
<span class=heading><b>The Public: Science’s Helping Hand</b> by Evangelia Daskalaki (SIPBS)</span><br />Scientists are working covertly in the background,  investigating their research subjects. Many research  studies rely heavily on public participation, however,  this does not reflect public awareness. Anti-doping  research is aimed at developing effective detection  methods for common and new substances of abuse in sport.  Continued public involvement is  invaluable in our goal to promote a level playing field  for all sport participants.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Evangelia Daskalaki</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr. Steven Ford</span>
<span class=heading><b>Tiny toxins of the liver</b> by Olivia Kemp (Biomedical Engineering)</span><br />The function of the liver is to clear toxins from the body. These toxins can cause damage to the cells at the nanoscale level, changing the structure with resulting macroscale consequences to health such as in alcohol-induced cirrhosis. Atomic Force Microscopy can produce high-resolution images by probing the cell’s surface thus providing information on its health and mechanical properties.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Olivia Kemp</span>


 

<span class=heading><b>Breaking barriers to information access</b> by Frances Breslin Davda</span><br />What are the barriers that prevent children from accessing and sharing information, and how might this impact on their adult lives? Our research considers whether childhood interventions could mean that adults have vital access to the information they need. Here, children aged 6-8 are asked to help Jack the Puppet learn about dinosaurs. The children then identify to the researcher what prevents them finding out what they want to know.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Frances Breslin Davda</span>
<span class=heading><b>Equity, natural resources, the law</b> by Elisa Morgera</span><br />A mining company planted a sign in the middle of territories traditionally used by indigenous peoples in Argentina, indicating its commitment to responsibility. But according to whose views? And to which standards? Our research aims to clarify to what extent international law on environmental sustainability and on human rights can help clarify the respective responsibilities of central and local governments and of private companies interested in natural resource exploitation.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Elisa Morgera</span>
<span class=heading><b>Let me think critically</b> by Loreain Martinez Lejarreta</span><br />    
The world currently faces great uncertainty. Resolving our issues requires, perhaps above all, an engaged and thoughtful society which can objectively analyse and evaluate conflict and crises. But are we raising our children to be critical thinkers? My research seeks to discover how teachers can help young children to develop critical thinking skills, making them better equipped to meet and resolve the present and future problems of society.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Loreain Martinez Lejarreta</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Aranzazu Temprano Millan (digital design)</span>
<span class=heading><b>Rethinking Volunteer Tourism</b> by Konstantinos Tomazos</span><br /> 
Volunteer tourism is rife with contradiction – the need for help is clear, but is the tourism industry merely maintaining the problem? Our research explores how a lack of evaluation of self-funded, agency-run international volunteering programmes could be preventing them from bringing lasting change to the communities they target. A balance must be found between what volunteers can deliver, the needs of impoverished children and those of the wider community..<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Konstantinos Tomazos</span>
<span class=heading><b>Social media and you</b> by Petya Eckler</span><br />How does Facebook make you feel about yourself? Our research shows that the more time young women spend on Facebook, the more they compare themselves to others and feel negatively about their own bodies; in some cases it can also lead to dysfunctional eating behaviours. By alerting these young women to the subtle ways in which social media affects them, we can hopefully protect them from its negative effects.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Petya Eckler</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Deyan Stoev</span>
<span class=heading><b>Venice or Lima? </b> by Maddalena Iovene</span><br />   
Would you consider Venice to be a slum? Of course not, but slums actually follow the same patterns of development as beautiful historic cities around the world; rather than being random, there is a definite relationship between building size, plot and street. By studying their structure, we can develop more culturally responsive planning strategies and ultimately improve the living conditions of many, hopefully eradicating slums altogether.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Maddalena Iovene</span>
<span class=heading><b>Windows to knowledge</b> by Clara Gonzalez Manich</span><br />Two windows: one framing the Scottish landscape where Glenbuchat Castle is a historical landmark; the other framing the stone masonry pattern used to build the monument wall. Our research focuses on analysing the stone masonry types and techniques used to build 17th-18th century architecture in Scotland. Understanding how these monuments were built is essential to stop further decay and preserve the value and authenticity of such unique heritage.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Clara Gonzalez Manich</span>


 

<span class=heading><b>Collaborating beyond the classroom</b> by Ross Brisco</span><br />Collaborative project work is a key part of the learning process for engineering design students but could the use of online social network sites create more opportunities? Our research is investigating the increasing prevalence of social media in aiding students’ research, discussions and informal decision-making. By incorporating the use of these platforms at university, we can better prepare students for industry, by making them better communicators and collaborators.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Ross Brisco</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr Ian Whitfield, Dr Hilary Grierson</span>
<span class=heading><b>Innovation through humour</b> by Gillian Hatcher</span><br />What’s the best way for a chicken to cross the road? An innovative solution is like a funny joke - surprising and satisfying. Comedians are highly innovative individuals, constantly using their creativity to improvise and find new ways to entertain an audience. Our research takes techniques used by comedians and applies them to a new approach for product design teams to generate ideas, providing novel solutions to complex design problems.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Gillian Hatcher</span>
<span class=heading><b>Monitoring financial blockchains</b> by Daniel Broby</span><br />At one time it took days to send money from Glasgow to London. Today huge sums travel thousands of miles in less than a second. In this era of digital finance, Fintech (financial technological innovation) is transforming the world’s financial ecosystem and how we interact with money. Strathclyde’s Centre for Financial Regulation and Innovation (CeFRI) is working to apply Fintech to make banking faster, cheaper and more secure for everyone.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Daniel Broby</span>
<span class=heading><b>More than just a garden</b> by Tracy Morse</span><br />At Mfera Secondary School (Malawi), research in sustainable living practices has developed a flourishing garden from the dust. Employing water resource management and crop diversification principles, the garden has over 30 food and medicinal plants. It feeds the students, improving their nutrition, but also teaches them entrepreneurship, providing surplus that can be sold. These life-transforming practices are being adopted further afield, creating a lasting impact on Malawi’s poorest communities.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Tracy Morse</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr Tara Beattie </span>
<span class=heading><b>Narratives from Egyptian Slums</b> by Christine Habib</span><br />“I need this project to keep going” – Um Mehareel. What will truly empower the marginalized women of Egypt’s rural and informal settlements to support themselves and their families? This research gathers the stories of women working in informal settlements around Cairo, enabling their voices to be heard in discussions on future policy and on focussing aid efforts to best help them transform their families’ future through entrepreneurial activities.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Christine Habib</span>


 

<span class=heading><b>A light shines through</b> by Jacopo Agagliate</span><br />The way that water interacts with light can reveal much about what is living under the surface of our lakes and oceans. Here we see suspended mineral and organic particles being passed in single file through a focused beam of laser light, intercepting and scattering its photons. Studying this process can provide us with information that offers the chance of early detection of serious environmental threats like toxic algae blooms.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Jacopo Agagliate</span>
<span class=heading><b>Hidden water paths of plants</b> by Roberta Dainese</span><br />Soil erosion and landslides can cause serious damage and endanger lives. Our research is investigating ways of engineering certain plants to effectively stabilise slopes in a low carbon, sustainable way. This image – created using a neutron beam - reveals vital information about water uptake, and its progression through plant branches, helping us to understand the interactions between soil and vegetation, which is the first step to achieving this goal.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Roberta Dainese</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: alessandro tengattini, image processing</span>
<span class=heading><b>Subatomic Surfers</b> by Maria Weikum</span><br />Science has made great advances thanks to particle accelerators but these machines are bulky and uneconomical to run. Our research is exploring the possibility of accelerating electrons, like surfers, with waves of plasma. Known as laser-plasma acceleration, this process (shown here) could enable us to drastically reduce the size of these machines, making cancer therapies, industrial processes and advances in research more accessible and cost-effective.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Maria Weikum</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Prof. Zhengming Sheng, Michael Chrubasik</span>
<span class=heading><b>Views inside a particle</b> by Frederik Doerr</span><br />Could you cope without morning coffee, or medicine? We take powdered products like coffee and certain medicines for granted, but if they’re not produced properly they can’t perform effectively. At Strathclyde, we’re working on improving the process of spray drying, which produces powder particles. By studying the properties of those particles which work well, we can improve the process that creates them, to increase the effectiveness of the final product.
<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Frederik Doerr</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: CMAC Researcher and Staff</span>
<span class=heading><b>What lies beneath?</b> by Cedric Sachet</span><br />Damaged concrete coastal walls can be dangerous but surface damage is not an accurate indicator of the actual damage below. Our research uses Non-invasive Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) that enables us to capture images of structural damage deep within a pier’s damaged zones – like X-ray for concrete! Assessing structures in this way could enable repairs to be carried out before they become too costly and, potentially save lives.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Cedric Sachet</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr. Philippe Sentenac</span>