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Images of Research 2014 Gallery

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 Business and Industry

<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>All the world’s a stage</b> by Nicola Cairns (Design Manufacture and Engineering Management)</span><br />We all care about what we look like. How would you feel about yourself if you had a limb amputated? Some amputees have concerns about body image that lead to anxiety and depression. The University of Strathclyde and Blatchford are developing covers for artificial limbs that are lifelike, lightweight and low cost. These will help amputees adjust their body image to feel positive about how they look, and therfore ready to take on the world!<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Nicola Cairns</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: William MacKinnnon, prosthetic technician in National Centre for Prosthetics and Orthotics. He is the photographer and image editor</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/146889256&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Future impact in patient medicines</b> by Laura Martinez Marcos (SIPBS)</span><br />
Industrial manufacturing of medicines is currently undergoing key changes that will lead to better medicines as well as meeting patient requirements. As one of the main steps involved, powder processing will become pivotal within the Pharmaceutical Industry. From a mixture of solid powders to a complete change in shape and material state due to the application of high temperatures and pressure. This is the outcome provided by novel manufacturing technologies.

<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Laura Martinez Marcos</span>
<span class=heading><b>Industrial Dilemmas</b> by Naomi Briggs (SIPBS)</span><br />Bearding, Fouling, Scaling, Sticking, Encrustation - the formation of solid crust during pharmaceutical crystallisation. This is one of the major limiting factors preventing the successful implementation of industrial continuous crystallisation. It leads to uncontrolled processing, blockages and all sorts of predicaments. Continuous crystallisation provides higher quality medicines, cheaply, with a reduced footprint. Careful control will accelerate the adaption of continuous crystallisation. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Naomi Briggs</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Fiona McGurk</span>
<span class=heading><b>Inspirational medicines for lung cancer</b> by Mireia Puig (SIPBS)</span><br />Delivering anticancer drugs directly into the lungs improves lung cancer therapy. Patients can self-administer medicines that go directly to the tumours, minimising side effects and maximising efficacy. Industrial partnership with device manufacturers will allow the research done at the University of Strathclyde to become a clinical reality. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Mireia Puig</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Katharine Chris Carter (senior lecturer), Alexander Mullen (professor), Lucy Hardaker (Philips Respironics), Graham Matthews (Philips Respironics), Graham Matthews (Philips Respironics), Jana Katharina Hitner (PhD student)</span>
<span class=heading><b>Marine Medicines</b> by Lynsey MacIntyre (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />Scientists from the University of Strathclyde and Scottish SME, Marine Biopolymers Ltd, collecting seaweed on the Ayrshire coast. Scientists from the SeaBioTech project are going ’under the sea’, exploiting marine microbes found within seaweeds and marine sponges from the Scottish coastline in search of new medicines such as anti-cancer drugs and antibiotics. They are looking for ways sustainably to  manufacture these medicines on an industrial scale to make them more affordable.
 <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Lynsey MacIntyre</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Kirsty Black, Bela Maguie Sanches</span>
<span class=heading><b>Robotic Rolling Rumba</b> by Rahul Summan (Electronic and Electrical Engineering)</span><br />Ultrasonic inspection of aircraft composite structures is a critical stage in manufacture that ensures parts are within stringent safety limits. This image shows a KUKA KR5HW robot carrying out an automated ultrasonic inspection of a subscale wing component using an ultrasonic wheel probe which rolls over the surface. The robot appears to dance as it sweeps the probe over the component. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Rahul Summan</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Maxim Morozov, Charles Macleod, Gareth Pierce, Spirit AeroSystems </span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>SeaBioTech: from Sea-bed to Test-bed.</b> by Mariana Fazenda (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />We harvested seaweed from the Scottish coast searching for cancer cures and antibiotics. Seaweed has millions of endosymbiotic microorganisms living inside it producing unique compounds against environmental stresses, potentially having interesting medicinal properties. SeaBioTech (EU-FP7 project) is driven by SMEs to find ways sustainably to manufacture such novel marine products on an industrial-scale. Our research has the potential to reduce the costs of drugs, which are putting financial strains on healthcare. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Mariana Fazenda</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Lynsey MacIntyre, Kirsty Black, Tong Zhang, Carol Clements, Louise Young, Grainne Abbott, RuAngelie Edrada-Ebel, Linda Harvey, Alan Harvey & Brian McNeil</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/146888205&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Stranded Fossil Fuel Assets</b> by Sarah Boyar (Accounting and Finance)</span><br />Once an oxygen-producing boreal forest, this Canadian tar sands site now produces carbon dioxide. If climate emission targets are to be achieved, tar sands’ oil cannot be burned.This could leave many banks stranded with project loans that cannot be repaid. I study the perception of environmental and social risks in financial institutions. I interview bankers and create data relationships from their stories, helping them generate knowledge about their own perceptions and processes.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Sarah Boyar</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Sustainable Manufacture of Chemical Building-blocks.</b> by Peter Gardner (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />Oil prices skyrocket whilst reserves dwindle but mankind’s reliance and appetite for plastic technology escalates. Globablly there is a pressing need to find an alternative raw material for the manufacture of these commodities. This research, in collaboration with Ingenza Ltd. (an IBioIC member), aims to exploit microorganisms and industrial biotechnology to generate a plentiful and cost-effective supply of the chemical building blocks required by industry.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Peter Gardner</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Laura Jeffrey, PhD Student in Fermentation Centre (SIPBS).</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/146888576&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>The Future of Space Transportation</b> by Romain Wuilbercq (Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering)</span><br />The picture depicts our CFASTT-1A space plane orbiting around the Earth before reentry into the terrestrial atmosphere. This research aims to support the promising new space-access industry that has arisen since the demise of NASA’s space shuttle, and to develop new ways of providing cost effective, efficient and reliable global transport and access to space.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Romain Wuilbercq</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Prof. Richard Brown</span>


 Government and Third Sector

<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Biomass Management in Malawi</b> by Peter Dauenhauer (Electronic and Electrical Engineering)</span><br />In Balaka, central Malawi, a group of homes stand out in the valley of the sparsely vegetated nearby hillside.
Deforestation is a widespread problem in Malawi.  Households depend on wood-fuel for nearly all of their cooking.  Charcoal production for urban centres pressures the forests even further.
The Malawi Renewable Energy Acceleration Programme has overseen creation of eight community based forestry management projects and distribution of over 7,000 efficient cook stoves.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Peter Dauenhauer</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/153081186&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Clay structure, a quick check.</b> by Bruna Lopes (Civil and Environmental Engineering)</span><br />When quick clay is disturbed its consistency can change from a relatively stiff condition to a consistency softer than toothpaste, which means its structure was modified. A variety of other factors, such as rainfall, construction of structures, earthquakes etc., can also change the original structure of the soil. Understanding the soil structure changes undergone by the materials is fundamental to improving the construction techniques and to avoiding environmental catastrophes.



 


<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Bruna Lopes</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Alessandro Tarantino</span>
<span class=heading><b>Pellet of Destiny</b> by Noor Hamzah (Pure and Applied Chemistry)</span><br />
Air weapons are commonly used by hobbyists, however they are also increasingly used in criminal activities.  As with other weapons, the projectiles produced by some air weapons contain striation marks which could potentially link the projectile to a specific weapon. This research examines new objective means of assessing the match criteria of striations between air pistol pellets.  The image is a magnified region illustrating the striation marks on a pellet.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Noor Hamzah</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Prof. Niamh Nic Daeid</span>
<span class=heading><b>Q-R&D</b> by Steven Ford (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />For three decades the Formulation Unit has been researching, developing and manufacturing drugs for Cancer Research UK’s clinical trials. During that time the researchers have adopted new techniques, moved location and adapted to EU regulations. Images from the Unit’s past are arranged as a ‘qr collage’, which links to the group’s website, and describes the history behind the pictures shown.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Steven Ford</span>
<span class=heading><b>Reinforced Concrete Subjected to Fire</b> by Mohammad Alqassim (Pure and Applied Chemistry)</span><br />Forensic examination of fire-damaged concrete structures could be achieved by several engineering methods. The responses of construction materials to thermal exposures are variable, and typical reinforced concrete may withstand temperatures up to 1000 °C before disintegration. Intensity and duration of the fire can be estimated by observing the collateral damages. Information gathered from the latter may provide necessary evidence in the analysis of fire scene debris and expert witness reports. </strong><br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Mohammad Alqassim</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Prof. Niamh Nic Daeid</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Rheumatoid arthritis: the master manipulator?</b> by Kirsty Ross (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />These are false colour images of immune cells called mast cells (black) in mouse tissue. Mast cells are found in inflammed joints during arthritis and could trigger joint destruction. We want to understand when, where and how mast cells affect arthritis. By comparing mice with and without mast cells, it will be possible to work out how mast cells contribute to disease. We would then target them with drugs to help patients.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Kirsty Ross</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr Catherine Lawrence</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/153080235&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Tithandizane Orphan Care Centre </b> by Magnus Currie (Electronic and Electrical Engineering)</span><br />Orphans in rural Malawi wait patiently whilst University of Strathclyde researchers meet with the Village Chief and local women who look after the orphans.  
The biogas system can be seen under construction in the background which, once complete, will provide clean energy for the community.
This will reduce the burden on the orphan carers, provide more timely meals for the orphans and reduce deforestation - a serious problem throughout Malawi.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Magnus Currie</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/146888399&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Vibrant-Deformation: Geology Encompassing Engineering </b> by Chiara Mazzoni (Civil and Environmental Engineering)</span><br />A geological site investigation, highlighting the deformation patterns formed due to changes in the rock structure.
Deformation can result in small fault zones containing fractures; potential conduits for fluid flow.
We use novel geophysical site investigation techniques combined with short period seismometers to detect fault zones less than 5m in width.
 
This technology will monitor discrete leaking due to the cracking of capped rocks in the subsurface, contributing towards a globally sustainable future.  <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Chiara Mazzoni</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Megan Heather</span>


 Academia

<span class=heading><b>A vibrating response!</b> by David Garcia (Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering)</span><br />The vibration response is recorded in a composite beam by an accelerometer. The data obtained contains information regarding properties of the structure and behaviour during service. Scientist’s and engineers are working to process the vibration responses for controlling and monitoring the health of the structure. The results will establish a methodology of a real-time damage diagnosis.  <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 David Garcia</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>CO₂ seeps: a ’breathing’ Earth</b> by Jen Roberts (Civil and Environmental Engineering)</span><br />Every day, in the Valle D’Ansanto in Italy (the ’breathing valley’), over 2000 tonnes of geologically-derived CO2 ’seeps’  to the Earth surface, making it’s way from a CO2 reservoir in rocks 1 km below the ground.
Researching the ’plumbing’ of CO2 in the Earth, and the distribution and characteristics of these seeps, help to ensure that engineered geological stores of man-made CO2 (’Carbon Capture and Storage’) do not leak.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Jen Roberts</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr Mark Naylor (Photographer and Field Assistant)</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/146888822&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Healthy Communication</b> by Graham Robertson (Biomedical Engineering)</span><br />These brain cells are a mixture of neurons (in blue) and astrocytes (in green) which are the most common cells found in the brain. There is much still unknown about how these cells signal each other, especially during diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease. Here we grow these cells in isolated networks to learn more about how they communicate and to discover what changes during disease conditions. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Graham Robertson</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr Michele Zagnoni (Supervisor), Dr Trevor Bushell (Supervisor)</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/146887774&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Improving Bacteria for Antibiotic Production</b> by Jana Hiltner (SIPBS)</span><br />In the picture you can see a world map made of growing Streptomyces highlighting in blue the countries which are collaborating, through our engineered strains making the blue antibiotic actinorhodin. We are scientists from Strathclyde, Mexico and Slovenia studying Streptomyces – a bacterium that is used industrially to produce antibiotics. Our research aims at understanding how the metabolism of these bacteria works in order to improve antibiotic production and benefit the health sector.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Jana Hiltner</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Paul Hoskisson (Idea Development)</span>
<span class=heading><b>Probing Vascular Disease</b> by Calum Wilson (Biomedical Engineering)</span><br />The cellular layer lining blood vessels - the endothelium - is only a thousandth of a millimetre thick but controls all blood vessel functions and all changes that occur in cardiovascular disease. Scientists have developed a new probe that directly visualises the endothelium inside blood vessels. By seeing exactly how these cells operate in intact arteries, scientists will be able to understand the changes occuring in cardiovascular disease and develop new treatments.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Calum Wilson</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Chris Saunter, John Girkin, John McCarron</span>
<span class=heading><b>Root treatment for embankment?</b> by Phillippe Sentenac (Civil and Environmental Engineering)</span><br />New developments in geophysical tomography can now predict hidden weaknesses inside flood defences avoiding catastrophic collapse during flooding. The image shows a typical cross section of a compromised embankment revealing anomalies (red) which have, or will lead to failure. This research and the fast track techniques used could help Environment Agencies to manage flood risk more readily, identify problems before they occur, reduce insurance costs and raise public/investor confidence  <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Phillippe Sentenac</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Mr Andrew Wilkin, Mr Gareth Jones, Dr Marcin Zielinski, Mr Ron Baron</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Self-organization of cold atoms</b> by Pedro Monteiro Gomes (Physics)</span><br /> 
Light can interact with atoms. In some cases random fluctuations in the interaction are amplified to create beautiful structures that resemble others more familiar such as the honeycombs that bees create. This image shows an example of these self-organizing phenomena that can be manipulated in an atomic physics laboratory to help understand how simple natural random processes can lead to complex structures.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Pedro Monteiro Gomes</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Guillaume Labeyrie,Thorsten Ackemann,  Aidan Arnold, Robin Kaiser, Enrico Tesio, Gordon Robb, Gian-Luca Oppo, William Firth</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/162669527&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Should we drink this water?</b> by Sadia Khan (Civil and Environmental Engineering )</span><br />Water distribution systems contain pathogens including antibiotic resistant bacteria which are difficult to treat by disinfectants. Elimination of these organisms from drinking water is not easy. People think that water is bacteria free. This is not true, we just can’t see these microscopic bodies which find their way into water and multiple there. These organisms are emerging pollutants. So think when you drink!



•
<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Sadia Khan</span>
<span class=heading><b>The onset of crystallisation?</b> by Thomas McGlone (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />Many pharmaceutical products feature a crystallisation stage in their production.  Crystallisation is the spontaneous formation of millions of tiny particles containing a highly organised array of molecules packed together with specific orientations.  The way these molecules pack can drastically affect the performance of the final product.  This picture highlights macroscopically the birth of the crystal particles in a special type of reactor, with swirling flow, to allow a greater level of control.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Thomas McGlone</span>


 The Public and Communities

<span class=heading><b>Amazon rainforest conservation</b> by Ann Mitchell (Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences)</span><br />The photograph is of a community in the Peruvian Amazon flooded forest.  The indigenous elders of these regions have a profound knowledge of sustainable management of the forest that is in very real danger of dying out. Our project works with elders in Colombia, Peru, Brazil and Ecuador to recuperate and preserve this knowledge.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Ann Mitchell</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Researchers: UK: University of Strathclyde SIPBS: Professor Sandy Gray, University of St Andrews: Professor Mario Aguilar: Dr. James Richardson & colleagues; Royal Botanic Gardens Edinburgh; Colombia: Professors Blanca de Corredor & Andres Corredor; elders (sabedores) of the Amazon forest communities, Banco de la Republica (Leticia), ACITAM; Brazil: FIUPAM; Ecuador: Professor Luis Huaraca.</span>
<span class=heading><b>Disability and Community </b> by Angela Turner (History)</span><br />The image shows paraplegic archers in a contest at the Miners’ Gala Day in Newtongrange, 1960s. This illustrates key aspects of a current Wellcome Trust funded project at The University of Strathclyde concerned with Disability and Industrialisation. Coal mining was one of the most dangerous occupations in the 20th century with high levels of industrial injury and disease. Research has revealed strong community networks and how mining communities sought to mediate the impact of disability on miners and their families.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Angela Turner</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Divided communities</b> by Radoslaw Polkowski (Human Resource Management)</span><br />Painting elements of urban infrastructure is a way in which rival communities in Northern Ireland symbolically divide public spaces: Irish tricolour marks the republican, British tricolour the loyalist areas in Derry/Londonderry, the city whose name is also a contested issue. How does this unique context impact on lives of newcomers to these old-established communities: e.g migrant workers? In answering this question, my study critically engages with our established notions of community.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Radoslaw Polkowski</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/153080766&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>Flaming Keyboards</b> by Mark Shephard (Politics)</span><br />How heated does social media get on the Scottish independence referendum? What do those posting comments make of: independence (Yes versus No); national identity; political parties; and political leaders? How much Over-The-Top/flaming behaviour takes place online? Does flaming behaviour have any impact on the views of those engaging with social media? How does opinion online compare with representative public opinion? What are the lessons we need to learn from this?<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Mark Shephard</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr. Stephen Quinlan, Dr. Stephen Tagg, Prof. Lindsay Paterson</span>
<span class=heading><b>Frankensoils for Regenerating Damaged Soils</b> by Christine Switzer (Civil and Environmental Engineering)</span><br />Glasgow City of Science, a partnership of over 50 organisations including the University of Strathclyde, attempted to set a world handwashing record with 36,000 primary schoolchildren across Glasgow. Frankensoils researchers and colleagues in Civil and Environmental Engineering contributed 50 cuddly microbes to support this attempt. Frankensoils researchers develop ways to restore life to damaged, nutrient-poor soils. We build from simple microbes such as those we knitted to complex, self-sustaining ecosystems.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Christine Switzer</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Neil McCosh (image contributor) and Claire Howell, Tara Beattie, and Grainne El Mountassir (fellow knitters)</span>
<span class=heading><b>Landslide in ’wee’ world</b> by Nor Shahidah Mohd Nazer (Civil and Environmental Engineering )</span><br />Landslides are known as one of the biggest natural disasters that can happen anytime and anywhere. A simple tool, such as the direct shear test, could interpret the likelihood of large-scale landslides in a simple, fast and effective way. This simulation of real-case landslides help researchers to understand the complex mechanism behind such movements and can provide adequate knowledge towards landslide behaviour for future mitigation planning. <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Nor Shahidah Mohd Nazer</span>
<div><div style="float:left;padding-left:5px;width:70%"><span class=heading><b>Reaching out for Schizophrenia</b> by Sibani Mohanty (Biomedical Engineering)</span><br />People with mental health problems such as schizophrenia suffer from hallucinations, social withdrawal and other health and social disadvantages. We can lend them a hand of care and support, to help them find a way to lead a normal life and be  part of the society again. My contribution towards this cause is to study and understand their brain activity to enable early diagnosis of schizophrenia and thus improve the treatment process.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Sibani Mohanty</span></div><div style="float:right;padding-right:5px;"><iframe width="100%" height="166" scrolling="no" frameborder="no" src="https://w.soundcloud.com/player/?url=https%3A//api.soundcloud.com/tracks/153081021&color=ff5500&auto_play=false&hide_related=false&show_artwork=true"></iframe></div></div>
<span class=heading><b>The jury decides: windfarm development</b> by Jen Roberts (Civil and Environmental Engineering)</span><br />What should be the key principles for decisions about wind farm development in Scotland, and why? We put this question to the jury - in fact, to three different ‘juries’ each made up of diverse groups of Scottish citizens. Over two Saturdays, each jury heard evidence from all sides of the argument, reflected on the issues raised and agreed on what matters to them.
 <br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Jen Roberts</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Oliver Escobar (Academy of Government, University of Edinburgh), Research Coordinator: Jen Roberts (ClimateXChange, University of Strathclyde), Project Manager: Ragne Low (ClimateXChange), Research Team: University of Edinburgh; Dr Leslie Mabon, Dr Claire Haggett, Dr Mhairi Aitken, Professor Andrew Thompson, Dr Niccole Pamphilis, University of the West of Scotland: Dr Stephen Elstub, Ruth Lightbody, Queen Margaret University: Dr Magda Pieczka, Communications: Anne-Marte Bergseng (ClimateXChange), Administration: Darcy Pimblett and Lee Callaghan (ClimateXChange)</span>
<span class=heading><b>The Public: Science’s Helping Hand</b> by Evangelia Daskalaki (SIPBS)</span><br />Scientists are working covertly in the background,  investigating their research subjects. Many research  studies rely heavily on public participation, however,  this does not reflect public awareness. Anti-doping  research is aimed at developing effective detection  methods for common and new substances of abuse in sport.  Continued public involvement is  invaluable in our goal to promote a level playing field  for all sport participants.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Evangelia Daskalaki</span>.  <span class=small>Collaborators: Dr. Steven Ford</span>
<span class=heading><b>Tiny toxins of the liver</b> by Olivia Kemp (Biomedical Engineering)</span><br />The function of the liver is to clear toxins from the body. These toxins can cause damage to the cells at the nanoscale level, changing the structure with resulting macroscale consequences to health such as in alcohol-induced cirrhosis. Atomic Force Microscopy can produce high-resolution images by probing the cell’s surface thus providing information on its health and mechanical properties.<br /><span class=small>Image: © 2014 Olivia Kemp</span>